Map of Italy between Firenze (Florence) and Bologna. The Appenine Mountain range located in the center of the Italian peninsula has traditionally been a barrier to trade and transport between the northern and southern regions of the country. In the mid-1800’s, advancements in rail construction made a route connecting the cities of Firenze and Bologna possible for the first time. This route, originally running through the town of Porretta Terme, was quickly deemed insufficient for this vital link in the country’s rail network. This map includes the original route via Porretta Terme, the subsequent route via Faenza and Borgo San Lorenzo, and the high-speed route through Prato. In addition to Firenza and Bologna, the city of Modena, as well as numerous small mountain towns, are included in the map.